Even though there are many variations on the same theme, I’ve personally experienced with six major types of casting techniques for fly fishing. Roll casting is something I typically do when there’s not enough room behind me, which is why I traditionally apply this method when I’m on the water. Two-stroke casting is a technique that can be performed when you have plenty of room available both behind you and in your front. Haul casting is what you’re forced to do when the wind is strong and you really have no other way of going about things other than applying a different technique, which consists of casting with the wind. This is what I normally do when I don’t have a lot of time on my hands and I can’t afford to waste it by trying to battle a fierce wind.
As for the various surface techniques, I can tell you that there are two: dry fly fishing or wet fly fishing. With the first, the experience becomes two-dimensional as the fly will rest on the surface of the water. This method is not so recommended to beginners and rookies who have not yet acquired a lot of experience when it comes to mastering the works of fly fishing. By contrast, wet fly fishing is three-dimensional and somewhat easier to master, which is why many fishermen choose it at the beginning of their fishing adventures.
Tight loop and open loop casting styles sound like they’re out of this world, but they’re really not that difficult to perform. In an open loop, also known as no loop, you have to wave the rod so that the tp manages to move in a convex path that’s somehow exaggerated. With a tight loop, also known as a narrow loop, the lines are parallel and close together, and the path of the line on the rod tip is almost straight. A tight loop is significantly easier to perform compared to its counterpart because it requires less energy and manages to be reasonably efficient even when the wind is strong.
If you don’t have any idea what I’m trying to tackle in this post, you probably need to use the basic forward casting technique. I’ll explain the basics so that even beginner fishermen can have their pick. The first thing you want to do is load your fly rod and grip it as if you were shaking a person’s hand. Start back casting in the position you find most comfortable with because this is the key consideration when starting to learn how to fly fish. When the fly line has left the surface, you have to pause and allow the momentum do its part. Continue by forward casting and try to make the movement as relaxed as possible. Make sure that your line is as straight as possible because otherwise, it will wander and carry your fly, as well.
It goes without saying that all of your equipment should be in top shape and you should wear a pair of sunglasses and a hat in order to protect yourself from getting hurt by the fly. Other than that, all I can say is that practice makes perfect, so be sure to try out these techniques as often as your time allows you to.
Here’s some visual aids: